[citation needed], After visiting Calcutta, Dayanand's work changed.

Discrimination on the basis of caste and creed in all forms should be discarded. On 31 December 1874, Dayanand arrived in Rajkot, Gujarat, on the invitation of Hargovind Das Dvarkadas, the secretary of the local Prarthana Samaj.

Arya Samaj attempted to abolish such evils in the society. The purpose was to move the Hindu Dharma away from all the … In seiner Interpretation des Veda behauptete Dayananda, dass in ihm alle Erkenntnisse, auch die der modernen Wissenschaft, bereits in verschlüsselter Form enthalten seien. Arya Samaj empathized to read ‘Satyarth Prakash‘ a book devoted to the cause and principles of Arya Samaj.

[15] The samaj also established chapters in British colonies having Indian population such as South Africa, Fiji, Mauritius, Suriname, Guyana and Trinidad and Tobago. © 2020 - Explore My India. Lately, in India, various practices of Arya Samaj has lost its credentials, validity, and teachings. 1. Dayanand was assassinated in 1883. 2. ĀRYA SAMĀJ .

One Diya lamp, which is of larger size has two wicks crossed to produce four lights, one in each direction and is lit first. Anfangs publizierte Dayananda in Sanskrit, später in Hindi. The sum is decided by the host's capability and status but is still a small amount.[48]. Dev, a samaj member active in making many conversions is extolled as a Sindhi martyr.

Dhabhai, G., 2018. The Arya samaj in Kenya runs a number of schools in Nairobi and other cities of the country. The very foundation of the Arya Samaj was made to reform the society of its various ills and evils. [7], The first Vedic school was established at Farrukhabad in 1869. : Gemeinde der Arier) ist eine orthodoxe Reformbewegung des Hinduismus,[1] die 1875 von Mula Shankara (spiritueller Name Dayananda Saraswati) in Bombay (heute Mumbai) gegründet wurde.

Arya Samaj played a very important role in abolishing caste discrimination in society.

Meanwhile, the Rajkot group had become in a political row. Arya Samaj established a network of schools, colleges, and institutions by the name of Gurukuls particularly in the areas Swamiji toured initially so that people could be enlighted from ignorance. Idol worshiping should be discarded. one god. For instance, they believe books like the Ramayana and the Mahabharata are legends of historical figures, and rejects them as reference to supreme beings and avatars. [2], Arya Samaj was the first Hindu organization to introduce proselytization in Hinduism. In this aspect, Arya Samaj has rendered a very valuable service to the Hindu Society. Arya Samaj believes in the presence of one god by the name of ‘Ohm’ and pronounces him to be omnipresent and omniscient. The priest can be called an "Acharya", "Swami ji" or "Pandit Ji" depending upon his scholarly status and local reputation. The Samaj, in turn, criticized Islam and the Islamic rulers of the state. The Purusharthi Refugee. Arya Samaj emboldened to reconvert people who have left Hinduism and accepted other religions. 6. They have published in 1875 in Varanasi with the title Satyarth Prakash ("the light of truth"). Die richtige Gottesverehrung (Devapuja) besteht darin, dass man Weisen, Eltern, Lehrern und allen tugendhaften Menschen die ihnen gebührende Ehrerbietung entgegenbringt.

Members celebrate Holi (the start of spring) and Diwali (a harvest festival and the victory of good over evil). It is guided by the preachings of Vedas, the Rig-Veda, Yajur-Veda, Sam-Veda, and Atharva-Veda. Students were not allowed to perform murti puja (worship of sculpted stone idols). God is a spirit and not an idol. Some authors claim that the activities of the Samaj led to increased antagonism between Muslims and Hindus. The Arya Samaj continued to grow, especially in Punjab. [34], Arya Samaj schools and temples are found in almost all major cities and as well as in rural areas (especially in the North region) of India. [8] Fifty students were enrolled in its first year. In Sanskrit, the meaning of ‘Arya Samaj’ is a ‘Noble Society’. Shraddhanand led the Shuddhi movement that aimed to bring Hindus who had converted to other religions back to Hinduism. The group that refrained from eating meat were called the "Mahatma" group and the other group, the "Cultured Party".

It believed that there was only one God who must be worshipped in a form of spirit and idols. [41], Immigrants to Canada and the United States from South Asia, Eastern Africa, South Africa, and the Caribbean countries have set up Arya Samaj temples for their respective communities. They included the Vedas, Upanishads, Aranyaka, Kashika, Nirukta, Mahabhasya, Ashtadhyayi, Darshanas. They recognized Dayanand's desire to uplift the Hindu community and protect Hindus from the pressures to convert to Christianity or Islam. The Vedas are the ultimate source of all knowledge and intellects. [28], A branch of Arya Samaj was established at Dharur in Beed district of Hyderabad state, the largest princely state during British colonial rule.



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