However King James came into conflict with parliament. William was now in control of all of England.

The Danes then installed a man named Egbert as the puppet ruler of Northumbria. In 1637 he was taken to court and although he lost his case he became a hero. In future, the poor were to be treated as harshly as possible to dissuade them from seeking help from the state. He also created a network of forts across his kingdom called burhs. Despite his best efforts, Buckingham was eventually forced to evacuate the island amid scenes of chaos and confusion. 1679 The Act of Habeas Corpus.

They went on strike again in the winter of 1974.

The rebels marched to Doncaster but no pitched battles were fought between them and the royal forces. Meanwhile, in 893 another group of Danes sailed to Devon and laid siege to Exeter. He was finally executed in 1499. They confronted the king on his way back from mass. William rushed north and crushed the rebellion However the rising in the north fanned the flames of rebellion elsewhere.

50 - The Romans found the city of Londinium (which later becomes London). Yet the changes made by Henry caused resentment in some areas.

Harold Wilson becomes prime minister. However, in 1964 Labour won a general election and Harold Wilson became prime minister. However, Arthur died in April 1502. Samuel Pepys was a naval administrator and later a member of parliament whose diaries, covering the years from 1660-1669, provide a fascinating insight into mid-17th century life. On 25 October 1415, the English longbowmen won a great victory over the French at Agincourt. His son, Henry V, succeeded him. The first tanks were too unreliable and too few in number to affect the outcome of the battle but they were a sign of things to come. This terrible crime, the St Brice's Day Massacre ensured that the Danes had a personal hostility towards him. In the ensuing years, the Romans alienated the Iceni by imposing heavy taxes. They dug shafts, some of them 15 meters (50 feet) deep. In the same year, the war of the Spanish succession began. Unemployment starts to rise rapidly. 6000 - The British Isles are formed as water levels rise separating them from mainland Europe.

Instead, parliament simply discussed its many grievances. Nevertheless, the Danes continued raiding in England. (Although Mary died in 1694).

Hereward escaped.

This marked the end of the Royalist resurgence. Meanwhile England fought the Scots again. The Highlanders rose to support him and Charles made rapid progress. Thirdly the navy supported parliament and made it difficult for the king to receive help from abroad. William III died two weeks after being thrown from his horse when it tripped over a molehill in Hyde Park, London. Both times the Romans withdrew after the Celts agreed to pay an annual tribute. BBC © 2014 The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. They raised pigs, sheep, and cattle.

1558 Queen Mary dies.

Meanwhile, desperate for money, Charles was forced to call parliament again in November 1640.

(Normally if a Celtic king surrendered the Romans allowed him to remain as a puppet ruler).

With the Scottish army firmly established in Northern England and refusing to leave until its expenses had been paid, Charles I was again forced to summon a parliament. Harold was killed with all his housecarls. During the 1920s old industries like coal mining were declining.

Then, in 1769, James Watt patented a more efficient steam engine and in the 1780s it was adapted to power machinery. Already disillusioned with parliaments, Charles I was outraged when, on 2 March 1629, members of parliament first held the Speaker of the House down in his chair and then passed three resolutions condemning the king's financial and religious policies. It was severe in 1940-41.

As Charles I's army advanced on London from the Welsh Marches, its path was blocked by parliament's army under Robert Devereux, Earl of Essex, at Edgehill in Warwickshire. It was the kingdom of the South Saxons. In 1634 the king began levying ship money. The situation was complicated by disagreements over religion. It fought the Germans at Mons on 23 August. In return, the Jutes were supposed to protect Britain.

The Romans built a chain of forts along the coast, which they called the Saxon shore. By the 7th century there were 9 kingdoms in what is now England.

However, Wellington was strongly opposed to any change to the electoral system.

However in 1656 another parliament was called.

He demanded a republic and the abolition of the House of Lords. There then followed a relatively peaceful period in which the Vikings raided England only once. 1265 Battle of Evesham. In 1979 Margaret Thatcher became the first female Prime Minister of Britain. King Charles also fought unsuccessful wars. They held their land in return for providing soldiers for the king for so many days a year. Radio first became common in the 1930s. The Roman invasion force consisted of about 20,000 legionaries and about 20,000 auxiliary soldiers from the provinces of the Roman Empire. People began to call him Prime Minister (Originally it was a term of abuse, not an official title). The English won a battle at Pinkie Cleugh, near Edinburgh, in 1547. However after about 7 years the Jutes and the Romano-Celts fell out. However, in 1830, the Whigs formed a government and they tried to introduced reform. Furthermore, toilets were often shared by several houses, and queues formed on Sunday mornings. George Orwell's novel Animal Farm is published. Furthermore in 1679 parliament passed the Act of Habeas Corpus forbidding imprisonment without trial. He was defeated but Mary was forced to execute Lady Jane, fearing her enemies might try and place Jane on the throne. In the autumn of 1069, King Sweyn of Denmark sent an expedition to England. Thomas More replaced him as chancellor. Roman civilization in the countryside also faded away.

He reformed the monasteries. However, the Scots simply sent 6-year-old Mary to France to marry the French king's son.

Elizabeth I was crowned in January 1559. Henry I becomes king.

However, the people of that area still saw themselves as Mercians, not Saxons or Englishmen. Normally a member of the royal family was given the title and the barons were very annoyed. Once again Charles feared for his safety and he left London. King Aethelred or Ethelred also, stupidly, enraged the Danes by ordering the massacre of Danes living in his realm. The poor called the new workhouses 'bastilles' (after the infamous prison in Paris) and they caused much bitterness. 450. At first the industrial revolution did cause much suffering to some people. However, the constituencies had not been changed for centuries and they no longer reflected the distribution of the population.

1993 Britain starts to recover from the recession. In January 1066, after Edward's death, the Witan chose Harold, Earl of Wessex, to be the next king.

Hawkins and his cousin Francis Drake then began an undeclared war against Spain.

In 1907 school medical inspections began.

Anne, the last Stuart monarch, died at Kensington Palace in London aged 49.

He was also responsible for a new translation of the Bible, the King James Version, which was published in 1611. Meanwhile by the 1840s public opinion changed in favor of free trade. In 901 Edward calls himself 'King of the Angles and Saxons'.

However, in 1538 Chancellor Thomas Cromwell did make some minor reforms. Stone circles, Neolithic tombs and tools have been found all over the British Isles from the tip of Cornwall in the south to the very north of Scotland. He made his way to the camp of the Scottish army at Southwell, near Newark, and gave himself up. They cut the Celts in Wales off from the Celts in Southwest England. All but one of the English bishops refused to take the Oath of Supremacy (recognizing Elizabeth as head of the Church of England) and were removed from their posts. Arthur Thistlewood led the Cato Street Conspiracy but the conspirators were arrested on 23 February 1820.

Worse in 1637 King Charles and Laud enraged the Scots by proposing religious changes in Scotland. The birth of a son to the royal couple in 1688 provoked popular outrage. The country was becoming dangerously divided.

In December, it was confirmed by an act of parliament, becoming the 'Bill of Rights'. British gas was sold in 1986.

Furthermore in 1801 the majority of the population still worked in agriculture or related industries. However by the late 19th-century housing for most people was better than in the 18th century. William of Orange, Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland and Utrecht, was implored by Protestant conspirators to 'deliver' them from the Catholic James II. In 1857-58 they crushed the uprising called the Indian Mutiny and in 1877 Queen Victoria was made Empress of India. In 1889 the match girls formed a trade union. For the unfortunate people made to enter workhouses life was made as unpleasant as possible. In 1673 they passed the Test Act, which banned nonconformists and Catholics from holding public office. He was also afraid the Romans might invade Britain and make it part of the Empire again. Worse between 8% and 10% of the population were living below subsistence level. On 24 August 1215, the Pope declared Magna Carta invalid.

Children aged 13 to 18 must not work for more than 69 hours a week. His troops slaughtered more than 3,000 of the defenders in the process. They attacked Spanish ships transporting treasure across the Atlantic and stole their cargoes. By 1851 the figure had risen to over 50%. Labour won another election in 1966. Meanwhile on 1 February 1327 his son Edward III was crowned.

(In the official phrase they had 'parity of esteem'). Next, in 1540, Henry married Catherine Howard. For many, that was a step too far. Nobody could become king without the Witans support. This time the local Saxons marched out and utterly defeated them in battle. Moreover the early farmers made elaborate tombs for their dead.

1605 - Guy Fawkes fails in his attempt to blow up Parliament.

Having suffered a stroke, Charles II converted to Catholicism on his death-bed and passed away a few hours later.

At the end of the 18th century a group of Evangelical Christians called the Clapham Sect were formed. The Yorkists gathered an army in Ireland and landed in Cumbria. At the same time, Saxons from southeast Devon marched north and west. In 1604, a group of English Catholics, angered by James I's failure to relax the penal laws against their co-religionists, hatched a plot to blow up the king and parliament by igniting gunpowder barrels concealed in a vault beneath the building. On 28 February 1638, leading Scottish gentlemen began signing the document in Grey Friars Church, Edinburgh. Parliament also passed the Toleration Act in 1689. It began with Jethro Tull. The organization was moderate and its members were called suffragists. Also in 1704, the British captured Gibraltar - and they have held it ever since. The measure backfired badly when, at St Giles church in Edinburgh, an angry crowd protested against the book, shouting: 'The Mass is come amongst us!' The King, William IV, warned that he would create more peers, who favored the bill unless the Lords agreed to accept it. This time they captured Bath, Cirencester and Gloucester. The Danes then marched south and they spent the winter of 867 in Nottingham.

The Test Act is passed. English Protestants wanted to prevent the return of James II (who lived until September 1701) and his Catholic son, also James. 1805 The battle of Trafalgar is fought. In an attempt to claim his throne James Stuart (son of James II, who was deposed in 1688) landed at Peterhead in December 1714.

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